The new regulations on initial and variation margins for OTC-derivatives, the platform trading obligation, the delayed recording and reporting obligation for securities dealers and foreign market participants, and the prolonged exemption for pension funds and investment funds for retirement.
The Swiss Federal Council has published some key amendments to the current version of the Swiss Financial Market Ordinance (FinfraV/FMIO) affecting a wide variety of market participants such as counterparties of OTC-derivatives, securities dealers, pension funds, and investment funds for retirement.
The new regulations on initial and variation margins for OTC-derivatives under the Swiss Financial Market Infrastructure Act FinfraV/FMIO will enter into force on the 1st of August 2017. The variation margin requirements under FinfraV/FMIO will enter into force on the 1st of September 2017 and will affect all counterparties to OTC-derivatives not being small non-financial counterparties (NFC-). The key new requirements under the new initial and variation margins regulations will be as follows:
- The new regulations are much stronger aligned to the final initial and variation margin regulations under EMIR, the corresponding European regulation. The new Swiss regulations do however not impose an obligation to review the legal opinions applicable to OTC-contracts on an annual basis. This is a welcomed alleviation for the Swiss market participants.
- It is now generally possible to re-use initial margins granted in the form of cash if they are held in custody with a third party custodian bank or a central bank.
- It is now possible to change the method for the calculation of the initial margin in each derivative category also after a mutual agreement on such calculation has been achieved.
- There will no mandatory haircut of 8% anymore if the variation margin paid in cash is not provided in the mutually agreed currency.
- The obligation to exchange initial and variation margins for options on equity, indexes or similar equity derivatives will apply only beginning as of the 4th of January 2020.
- Units in UCITS funds can now also be used for initial and variation margin purposes.
- No initial margin must be provided anymore for the foreign exchange component of Cross Currency Swaps.
- OTC-derivatives related to covered bonds are under certain conditions totally or at least partially exempted from the initial and variation margin obligation.
The platform trading obligation, that requires that certain specifically designated derivatives must be traded on a trading venue, has formally set in force. There is however currently no derivatives category that has been designated as subject to the trading obligation on a platform.
Another important alleviation for securities traders and foreign market participants at Swiss trading venues is the delayed entry into force of the recording and reporting obligations. These obligations will now only enter into force on the 1st of October 2018 for Swiss securities dealer. The transactions and orders that have occurred in between the 1st of January 2018 and the 30th of September 2018 will however have to be recorded and reported no later than until the 31st of December 2018 (“backloading”). The recording and reporting obligations will enter into force for foreign branches of Swiss securities dealers and foreign participants of Swiss trading venues as of the 1st of January 2019.
The exemption for pension funds and investment foundations for retirement from the clearing obligation has been extended until the 16th of August 2018.
Please do not hesitate to contact us for a free consultation on any of these new provisions.
Head Capital Markets
0041 76 341 65 43